Hagaha A-to-Z ee Qalabka Lacageedka Saaraajka (SSL) e Ganacsiga Online

Në la dhiso xiriir waa u baahan yahay kalsooni, taasina waa mid aad u xoogan oo midba midka ka mid ah labada dhinacba ay u badan tahay inaysan lahaan doonin. Ku kalsoonow internetka waa mid ka ka mes ah muhiimada ugu muhiimsan, gaar ahaan haddii xiriirkaasi yahay mid ganacsi; halkaasoo lacag laga helo. Xitaa ka qoto dheer taasi waa xaqiiqda ah Xogta waa dahab cusub, sidaa darteed wax walba oo aan ku Sameyno shabakaduhu waxay u baahan yihiin badbaado.


Si loo dhiso xidhiidhka aaminaadda ma fududa, laakiin waxaa jiray cadaadis sii kordhaya milkiilayaasha bogagga si ay u abuuraan jawi taas oo u ogolaanaysa isticmaalkooda inay dareemaan ammaan. Shahaadooyinka SSL waa hal hab oo muhiim ah oo arrintan ku Sameeya, maaddaama ay hubiyaan dadka isticmaala in xiriirka ay leeyihiin boggaani uu yahay ammaan.

Dhamaadka isticmaalaha, dhammaantood waxay u baahan yihiin inay xaqiijiyaan tani waa icon fudud oo lagu muujiyay shabakaddooda. Wixii milkiilayaasha bogagga, waa waxoogaa ka sii adag, balse maaha inay noqoto.

Maxay tahay Laydhka Laydhka (Shtresa e sigurt e Sockets) (SSL)?

SSL waa nidaam amaan ah oo hubinaya isticmaalaha in xiriirka ka dhexeeya kombuyuutarkooda iyo goobta ay booqanayaan ay tahay ammaan. Inta lagu jiro ISKU xirka, macluumaad badan Ayaa KA dhaxeeya laba kombuyuutar, oo ay ku jiraan waxa laga yaabo inay noqon Karaan xog qarsoodi ah sida lambarrada kaararka deynta, lambarrada aqoonsiga isticmaalaha ama xitaa ereyada sirta ah.

Xaaladaha caadiga ah, xogtan waxaa loo diraa qoraal toos ah, taas oo micnaheedu yahay in haddii xiriirku ay tahay in lagu xiro dhinac sadexaad, xogta la xaday. SSL waxay taasi ka hortagtaa tan adoo ogolaanaya algoritmi i kriptimit në loo isticmaalo inta lagu jiro isku xirka labada dhinac.

Calaamadaynta, ama calaamada cagaaran ee calaamaduhu waxay noqotey tilmaame balan qaadaya dadka isticmaala in boggooda ay booqdaan ay kuaaan amnigooda si dhab ah.

Muujinta SSL oo ku saabsan daalacayaasha internetka ee kala duwan.

Maxaan ugu baahanahay shahaadada SSL?

Asal ahaan su’asha ay tahay në la weydiiyo waa "Ma waxaan u baahan nahay shahaadada SSL".

Jawaabta caadiga ah waxay noqoneysaa ‘waxay ku xiran tahay’. Dhamaantiis, sababta bogagga aan u baahnayn in la xakameeyo macluumaadka dhaqaale ee xasaasiga ah waxay u baahan yihiin in ay noqdaan kuwo amaan ah?

Nasiib darro, sida hore loo soo sheegey, da’da dijitalka ayaa loola jeedaa in lakala yareeyo lacagta kaashka ah, hackersaalku maanta ayaa sii kordhaya si ay u tagaan macluumaadka shakhsi ahaaneed.

Cilifka Google

Aqoonsiga tan, bilawga Korrik 2018, Google wuxuu ku calaamadeyn doonaa dhammaan bogagga HTTP caadiga ah ee aan aheyn mid aan amaan ahayn. Tani waa muhiim in la aqoonsado, maxaa yeelay waxay macnaheedu tahay in goobaha loo aqoonsado inay yihiin kuwo aan amaan ahayn Google ayaa laga yaabaa inay ku dhacdo ganaax raadinta. Wbsaydhadu waxay ku faanaan gaadiidka iyo haddii aadan ka muuqan liiska Google, ka dibna ma heli doontid dyll badan marka la eego taraafikada bogga.

Qiimaha laga bilaabo 36,75 $ / sanad

Qiimaha laga bilaabo $ 8,88 / sanad

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Qiimaha laga bilaabo 75.15 $ / sanad

Qiimaha laga bilaabo 175 $ / sanad

Qiimaha laga bilaabo 149 $ / sanad

Qiimaha laga bilaabo 59,99 $ / sanad

SSL bilaash ah: Kodi Aynu

Kuwa idinka mes ah oo ku shaqeeya goobaha shakhsi ahaaneed ama hiwaayadaha, ama wax kasta oo aan ganacsi ahayn, waxaa jira adigoon kuu ogolaanaynin in kale oo Google la aqbali karo.

Aan isku dayno wa CA CA aaminsan oo furan oo bilaash ah in la isticmaalo (). Nasiib daro, waxay kaliya bixisaa shahaadooyinka domain-ama shahaadada DNS oo aan qorsheyneynin in ay kordhiso tan OV ama EV. Tani waxay ka dhigan tahay in shahaadooyinkoodu kaliya a ans ansin karaan lahaanshaha iyo ma aha shirkadda heysata. Haddii aad tahay goob ganacsi, taasi waa caqabada ugu weyn.

Aynu Encrypt horay ug quayabaynay shirkadaha martigeliya qaarkood (Tusaale ahan- SiteGround iyo GreenGeeks). Haddii aad qorsheyneyso inaad raacdo Aan Encrypt Free SSL, waxaa ugu wanaagsan inaad martigeliso mid ka mes mes ah martigaliyayaasha websaydhkan.

Heerka Loo Feejigno SSL waa bilaash dhamaan xisaabaadka martigelinta iyo baabuurta lagu rakibay dhammaan meelihii leh SiteGround.

Kontrolloni HTML HTTPS (iyagoo adeegsanaya Aynu Encrypt at Site Site) xoogaa yar oo gujiyo ah.

Si të keni nevojë për të parë më shumë se a keni filluar të bëni SSL ee SiteShkoni, Gali Cinwaanka> Amniga> Menaxher SSL / TLS> Certifikata (CRT).

Laga bilaabo Maarso 29, 2018, Aynu Hirgelin SSC SSC waxaa sidoo kale ku jira (bilaash) dhammaan xisaabaadka martigelinta ee SiteGround. Tani waxay noqonaysaa ilaaliye waqti loogu talogalay milkiilayaasha goobta ku jira oo ku shaqeynaya nën-domains (mail.domain.com, billing.domain.com, iwm). Wax badan ka baro dib-u-eegga boggaaga.

Sida loo rakibo shahaadada SSL

Ku dhejinta SSL ee cPanel

Nidaamka:

  1. Nën ‘Options’ fursadaha, guji ‘SSL / TLS Manager’
  2. Nën ‘Instalimi i Menaxhimit të SSL’, dera ‘Maaree Site SSL’
  3. Nuqul shahaadadaada shahaadada ah oo ay ku jiraan – BIXINTA SHARCIYEYSAN– iyo – SHARCIYEED- oo ku dheji "Shahaadada: (CRT)".
  4. Guji ‘Autofill by Certifikate’
  5. Nuqul iyo jajab saar silsiladda shahaadooyinka dhexdhexaadka ah (CA Bundle) sanduuqa hoos yimaada Sharciga Maamulka Shahaadada (CABUNDLE)
  6. Riix ‘Shahaadada ku rakib’

* Xusuusin: Haddii aadan isticmaalin kinwaan IP ahooadad udheeraad ah waa inaad mid ka ka mesa ah menu menu IP-ka.

Nuqulka SSL ee loogu talagalay Plesk

Nidaamka:

  1. Tag bogga Websaydhada & Domain-ka dero qaybta dhe jeceshahay inaad ku dhejiso shahaadada.
  2. Riix ‘Raadinta Goobahaaga’
  3. Marka la eego qaybta ‘Ngarko skedarët e certifikatës’, duke parë “Shfleto” në një listë të shpejtë dhe të kontrolluar CAA ee loo baahan yahay.
  4. Riix ‘Faylal soo dir’
  5. Dib ugu noqo ‘Websaydhada & Xerooyinka ‘ka dibna guji’ Dejinta Marti-gelinta ‘ee qaybta aad ku dhejinayso shahaadada.
  6. Nën ‘Sigurinë’, ju do të bëni më shumë fjalë për haj-hoosaadka dhe derato shahaadada.
  7. Hubso sanduuqa ‘SSL Support’ ee saxda ah.
  8. Hubi inaad riix ‘OK’ si aad u badbaadiso isbeddel

Si aad u ansaxiso haddii rakibiddaada lagu guuleystey, waxaad isticmaali kartaa tan qalab ansixin SSL lacag la’aan ah.

Cusboonaysii xiriirinta boggaaga internetka

Haddii ead eegto bogagga interneetka ee boggaga internetka waxaad arki doontaa inay dhammaantood isticmaalayaan HTTP. Sida iska cad waxay u baahan yihiin in la cusbooneysiiyo xidhiidhada HTTPS. Hada dhowr tallaabo waxaan ku tusinaynaa hab aad adigu u Sameyso adigoo isticmaalaya farsamo dib u habeyn.

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, waa habka ugu wanaagsan ee lagu cusbooneysiin karo xidhiidhadaada gudaha ee HTTP ilaa HTTPS.

Haddii aad leedahay bog yar oo leh bogag dhowr ah oo aan muddaba qaadan. Si kastaba ha ahaatee haddii aad leedahay boqolaal bog, waxay qaadanaysaa da’da si aad uga fiicnaan laheyd adoo isticmaalaya qalab si aad u baratid tan si aad u badbaadisid wakhti. Haddii goobtaada ay ku socoto xogta, samee raadinta xogta iyo bedelida isticmaalka warqadan bilaashka ah.

Cusboonaysii xiriirada tilmaamaya boggaaga

Shënoni dhe ruajti HTTPS haddii dhe ju leedahay shabakadaha bibedda ee kugu xariira waxay kuu tilmaamayaan nooca HTTP. Waxaan samayneynaa dib u jeedin dhowr ah tallaabooyinka, laakiin haddii ay jiraan wax website ah oo dibadda ah oo adad adigu koontarooleyso profil ka dibna waad soo cusbooneysiin kartaa URL si aad u tilmaamto nuqulka HTT.

Tusaalooyin wanaagsan oo kuwan ka mid ah waxay noqon doonaan farsamooyinkaaga warbaahinta bulshada iyo liisaska liisaska meesha aad ku leedahay bog bog oo kuxiran xukunkaaga.

Përcaktimi i Dejinta 301

Haa ku sii dheji jadwalkaaga iyo haddii aadan kalsooni ku qabin nooca noocaas ah markaa waa hubaal wakhti aad ku heli karto gargaar khibradeed. Waa arrin toos ah oo aan waqti badan qaadanin xaqiiqda dhabta ah, laakiin waxaad u baahan tahay inaad ogaato waxa aad Sameyneyso.

Iyadoo 301 shkoi në hagaajineyso waxa dheadynynso waxay u sheegeysaa Google në bogga gaar ah si joogto ah loogu guuray cinwaan kale. Xaaladdan waxaad u sheegeysaa Google in wax kasta o HTTP ah oo ku do të boggagaaga ay hadda yihiin HTTPS sidaa daraadeed waxay Google u direysaa bogagga saxda ah.

Inta badan dadka isticmaala Linux Linux Linux martigelintaan waxaa lagu Sameyn doonaa iyada oo loo marayo faylka .htaccess (eeg code Korea sida ku xusan talooyinka Apache).

Emri i serverit www.example.com Redirect "/" "https://www.example.com/"

Cusbooneysii CDN SSL

Tani dhab ahaantii waa tallaabo ikhtiyaari ah maxaa yeelay maaha qof kasta oo isticmaala CDN. CDN waxay u taagan tahay shabakadda soo gudbinta Macluumaadka oo waa juquraafi Ahaan loo qaybiyey server oo kaydiya nuqulada faylashaada shabakadaada waxayna u soo bandhigi doonaan martidaada Katundi i turpshëm serverka juquraafi Ahaan u Dhow si loo hagaajiyo xawaaraha ay u tahay iyaga.

Sidoo kale horumarinta waxqabadka, CDN waxay sidoo kale bixin kartaa nabadgelyo wanaagsan sababta oo ah bay’aduhu waxay kormeeraan oo aqoonsadaan taraafikada xun xun waxayna joojiyaan inay gaaraan boggaaga.

Tusaale ahaan CDN caa aa wa Cloudflare.

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, kaliya weydii shirkada martigelinta haddii aad isticmaalayso CDN. Haddii aanad fiicnayn, u gudub talaabada xigta.

Haddaad u baahato inaad la xiriirto CDN oad aad waydiiso tilmaamaha si aad u cusbooneysiiso SSL-kaaga si a nidaamka CDN u aqunesadaan.

Khaladaadka shahaadada SSL ee caadiga ah iyo xalal dhakhso ah

Shahaadada 1- SSL ee aan la aamini karin

Kur ju lutem bëni një kohë të gjatë për të përdorur një Microsoft Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox, Iyo Apple Safari waxay ku dhistay bakhaarro loo isticmaalo in lagu aqunesado shahaadooyinka SSL-yada la aaminsan yahay.

Haddii aad hesho farriin sheegaysa in goobta uu leeyahay shahaado aan la aamini karin, jimicsi taxaddar sida tan oo macnaheedu yahay in shahaadada imika aysan saxeexin CA.

2 – Shahaadada SSL ee dhexdhexaad ah ayaa maqan

Qalabkan badanaa waxaa keena shahaadada SSL-da qaldan ee lagu rakibay. Khaladaadka inta lagu jiro nidaamka rakibida waxay keeni kartaa khaladaadka SSL-ga qaar ka mes ah. Waa inuu jiraa ‘silsiladda kalsoonida’taasoo micnaheedu yahay in dhammaan qaybaha lagama maarmaanka ah ee geeddi-socodka saxiixa ay tahay inay baxaan.

Haddii aad tahay mulkiilaha bogga oo aad la kulantid qaladkan, iskuday in aad tixraacdo qaybta aan soo gudbiyay ”.

3 – Dhibaatooyin la leh shahaadooyinka saxiixa

Si aad u gudubto arrimaha SSL, qaar ka mid ah milkiilayaasha bogagga waxay abuuraan Shahaadooyin SSL-kooda. Tani waa suurtogal, laakiin ha Sameynin dylli isbeddel ah tan iyo markii aysan saxeexin CA. Waqti keli ah ee shahaadooyinka is-saxiixa ay u badan tahay in la isticmaalo waa goobo imtixaan ama horumarineed. Meelaha ay ku qoran yihiin shahaadooyinka is-saxiixan looma muujin doono inay yihiin ammaan.

4 – Khaladaadka Macmiilka ee Mixed

Tani waa dhibaatada qaabaynta. Shahaadooyinka SSL ee shaqeynaya, bog kasta iyo faylka ku yaal boggaaga waa inuu ahaado HTTPS. Tan waxaa ka mes ah ma aha oo kaliya bogagga, laakiin sidoo kale sawirada iyo dokumantiyada. Haddii bogga kaliya uusan aheyn HTTPS, goobta waxay la kulmi doontaa qalad isku dhafan oo dib ugu noqoshada HTTP.

Si të keni hyrë në dhibaatooyinkan, hubi in xiriiradaada dhamaantood la cusbooneysiiyay xidhiidhada HTTPS.

Gunaanad

Dhammaadka maalinta, shahaadooyinka SSL waa xaalad guuleysi leh. Haa, waxaa laga yaabaa in lagu qasbo ganacsiyada waaweyn sida Google, laakain waxaa jira runtii aad u yar.

Qiimaha yaryar, waxaad u xaqiijin kartaa macaamiisha ammaanka ee macluumaadka iyo asturnaanta. Macaamiisha dhinaca kale, waxay dib u soo ceshan karaan rumaysiga teknoolajiyada digital-ka ah, oo ah mes si aad ah u cakiran Hackers, Spamers iyo kuwa kale ee loo yaqaan ‘Cyberriminals’.

eCommerce waa mid ka mes ah tiirarka muhiimka ah ee dhaqaalaha dijitalka waxaana uu gacan ka geystey kor u qaadista ganacsiga xudduudaha xuduudaha hadda ka hor. Iyada oo la ilaalinayo xogta ammaan iyo ammaan, mulkiilayaasha boggaga shakhsi ahaaneed ayaa gacan ka geysan kara ammaanka internetka sidoo kale.

Ugu dambeyntii, marka aad dooranayso SSL, isku day inaad iska ilaaliso isha ku hayso isha qiimaha oo aad samayso sida ugu fiican si aad mar walba ugu noqoto hal erey oo fudud marka aad dareemaysid lumis ama wareersan; Aaminto.

Jeffrey Wilson Administrator
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