Ungayisebenzisa Le Sithombe? Ukuqonda Ukusetshenziswa Okuhle kanye Neziphi Izithombe Kungakwazi Ukusetshenziswa Ngokusemthethweni Kubhulogi Lakho

Ngokusho kokukhangisa kwe-MDG, i-37% yabasebenzisi be-Facebook bazibandakanya ngokugcwele nokuthunyelwe okunesithombe esifakiwe; kanye ne-67% yamakhasimende athi ikhwalithi poithombe somkhiqizo iyabasiza ukuthi banqume ukuthi bawuthenge noma cha. Enye yezizathu zokuthi amasayithi anjengePinterest adume kakhulu ukuthi abantu bathola izithombe zihlanganyela. Cishe uke wezwa kuthiwa isithombe “singamagama we-1000”. Lokhu kuyiqiniso ngoba abantu baqhutywa ngumbono.


Ukubaluleka kwesithombeUkubaluleka kwesithombe – i-67% yamakhasimende athi ikhwalithi poithombe somkhiqizo iyabasiza ukuthi banqume ukuthi bawuthenge noma cha. I-infografik egcwele lapha.

Kungani Kufanele Ufake Izithombe KuBhulogi Lakho

Ngokusho kukaMashi kaMarkark, ucwaningo lwe2014 ngezinhlobo zokuqukethwe okuthunyelwe ku-Facebook, izithombe zenza cishe i-75% yokuqukethwe okuthunyelwe futhi kwabelwane ngakho ekhasini le-Facebook. Lezo zithombe ezifanayo zinamanani wokuxhumana we-87% kusuka kubasebenzisi be-Facebook.

Ngenkathi izivakashi zakho zesayithi ngokuqinisekile zingalindele ukubona izithombe kuphela lapho zivakashela ibhulogi yakho, impumelelo yezithombe ezisekwe ezithombeni ku-Facebook, Twitter nakuPinterest ikufakazela ukutithan.

Ukuqonda i-copyright nokusetshenziswa okulungile

Abaningi odala në etile, copyright copyright. Shkarkime, Shkarkime të Përgjithshme në Ne-SH.B.A. Zyra e të Drejtave të Autorit ukuze uthole ukuvikeleka okwengeziwe futhi nekhono lokuthola noma iyiphi inzuzo elahlekile, kodwa uma uyidala, into ingeyakho.

Lokhu kuhlanganisa kepha akukhawulelwe ku:

  • Umsebenzi obhaliwe
  • Ama ifoto
  • Umsebenzi wobuciko
  • Ama-movie
  • Umculo

Lapho Abanye Abanikazi Bewebhusayithi Beba Ngenkinga

Abanye abantu akusho ukwephula amalungelo obunikazi. Abakuqondi nje ukuthi isebenza kanjani, kufaneleke kahle, bathole imvume nokuthi yini engasetshenziswa futhi engenakusetshenziswa. Kukhona nezindawo eziningi ezimpunga ngaphansi kwemithetho.

Lapho abanye abanikazi bewebhusayithi bethola ubunzima ngezithombe ukuthi bamane basicha ukusesha okuthi “izithombe zezinja ezinhle” bese bekopisha isithombe sokuqala abasibonayo ukuthi bayasithanda. Kodwa-ke, isithombe kungaba yinye umthwebuli wezithombe angafisi ukusaba kwamanye amawebhusayithi. I-copyright isak kwephulwa.

i-morguefileUkutholaphi izithombe okulungile ukusebenzisa

Ngenhlanhla, kukhona abathwebuli bezithombe abafuna ukukunikeza izithombe ongazisebenzisa kusayithi lakho (ekubheka ukuthi uyazikweleta ngokufanele). Kunezingosi ezimbalwa lapho ungathola khona lezi zithombe ezingasetshenziswa uma nje uzikweleta. Lezi zindawo zifaka:

  • I-MorgueFile
  • CompFight
  • I-PhotoPin
  • Izithombe Zesidlangalaleni Zomphakathi (njengeziningi ezinqolobaneni zoHulumeni zase-SHBA, kodwa njalo zihlole kabili ukuthi ungayisebenzisa)
  • Ama-skrini weskrini sakho sesiphequluli

Kukhona nabathwebuli bezithombe ababelana ngezithombe zabo kumasayithi wesitoko. Lezi yizithombe lapho ungathenga khona ilungelo lokusebenzisa isithombe ngenhloso ebekiwe nendawo.

Isibonelo, ungathenga amalungelo wokusebenzisa isithombe kuwebhusayithi yakho kuphela. Uma ufuna ukushicilela incwadi bese usebenzisa isithombe esifanayo, kuzodingeka ukuthi ubuye emuva uyothenga amanye amalungelo.

Izithombe ze-Stock zivame ukuba yizinga eliphezulu kakhulu. Nazi ezinye izayithi ezinikeza izithombe zesitokwe ezithengiswayo:

  • iStockphoto
  • Dreamstime
  • I-123 RF

Ngemibono engaphezulu, hlola isihloko sikaJerry Low I-20 + Imithombo Yemifanekiso Yamahhala Yobhulogi Bakho.

Xhumana nomthwebuli wezithombe zangempela

Uma ungakwazi ukuthola isithombe osifunayo kunoma isiphi isin esingenhla, ngoba sicacisiwe ngokwedlulele, kufanele uthinte umnikazi wesithombe bese uthola imvume yokusebenzisa isithombe esizeni sakho. Abanye abathwebuli bezithombe bazokuvumela ukuthi ulisebenzise ngesixhumanisi sokubuyela emuva nekhredithi kubo. Abanye bazothi cha.

Uma umthwebuli wezithombe uthi ungasebenzisa isithombe, gcina i-imeyili endaweni ephefile uma kwenzeka kukhona umbuzo mayelana nokuthi uvumelekile ukuyisebenzisa.

Kuyini Ukusebenzisa Okuhle?

Ukusetshenziswa okulungile kuvela ngaphansi kwe-Copyright Act (Isihloko 17 sekhodi yase-United States) futhi kunesimo sokuhlolwa kwe-litmus ngezici ezine zokunquma ukuthi kulungile yini ukusebenzisa ingxenye yomsebenzi we-copyright. Ngokuyinhloko, uma umsebenzi ujwayele futhi umuntu uyisebenzisa esimweni esingokomlando, bese usebenzisa ingxenye yayo kungase kube efanele. Kodwa-ke, kuyinkimbinkimbi futhi ungase uphathe iphutha ngokuthi ngabe ukusetshenziswa kulungile yini noma cha futhi kuphephile enkingeni yomthetho.

Ngokusho kweHhovisi le-Copyright, lezi zici ezine ziyi:

  1. Inhloso kanye nomlingiswa wokusetshenziswa, kufaka phakathi ukuthi ukusetshenziswa okunjalo kungokwemvelo noma kungenxa yezinhloso zemfundo ezingenzi nzuzo
  2. yena uhlobo lomsebenzi we-copyright
  3. ukulinganisa nokulingana kwesigaba esetshenziselwa ngokuphathelene nomsebenzi we-copyright njengamanye
  4. umphumela wokusetshenziswa emakethe okungenzeka, noma ukubaluleka komsebenzi we-copyright

Ukusetshenziswa okulungile kufinyelela ekudlalweni okuningi ngombhalo obhaliwe. Isibonelo, uma ufuna ukucaphuna kulesi sihloko, ungase ufake i-citate emfushane bese uyikweleta. Nasi isibonelo:

Esihlokweni se-WHSR esithi "Ungayisebenzisa Le Sithombe? Ukuqonda Ukusebenzisa Okuhle nokuthi Yiziphi Izithombe Angeke Zisetshenziswe Ngokusemthethweni Kubhulogi Lakho "nguLori Soard, uyeluleka," Uma lo fotografe eti ungasebenzisa isithombe, gcina i-imeyili endaweni ephefile uma kwenzeka kube khona umbuzo mayelana nokuthi ngabe uvunyelwe ukuyisebenzisa. "

Lokho kucaphuna esifushane, kufakwe kumthombo wokuqala futhi kuthuthukisa i-Athikili yakho. Ngokunokwenzeka, akekho noyedwa ozokhononda ngalelo bhokisi elincane lendatshana elikhudlwana elisetshenziswa inqobo nje uma kufakwa kulo lolu hlobo noma ngendlela efanayo.

Lapho kunombuzo mayelana ne-copyright nokuthi ingabe ukusetshenziswa kuyinzuzo enhle yomqambi wokuqala noma umphakathi, isilinganiso sibukeka silinganisa okuthe xaxa entshisakalweni yomphakathi.

Uma kukhulunywa ngezithombe, kungcono kakhulu ukunamathela ngezithombe zasebukhosini zamahhala nezesizinda somphakathi. Awukwazi ukusebenzisa ingxenye encane poithombe futhi kunzima ukwazi ukuthi yikuphi ukusetshenziswa okuhle nokungenakwenza. Akufanele ngempela ukufaka engcupheni impi end yezomthetho, edonswa lapho kunezithombe eziningi kakhulu ezingasetshenziswa ngaphandle kokukhathazeka.

Ngokusho kochwepheshe bezithombe abaqeqeshiwe baseMelika, i-copyright iyilungelo lomhlaba. Ukwengeza, isayithi ithi, "Izithombe zokuphula umthetho-copyright ngaphandle kwemvume-zingabangela izinhlawulo zomphakathi nezomthetho."

Imithetho Ingashintsha

Ungenza konke okulungile futhi usebenzise amasayithi kuphela abhalisa Creative Commons izithombe, izimfanelo njengezicelo zobunikazi be-copyright Futhi usathola inothi kusuka kumthwebuli wezithombe ngosuku olulandelayo usebenzisa isithombev.

Okungenzeka ukuthi umthwebuli wezithombe angaqale anikeze isithombe ngesibalo esilula kepha kamuva aguqule imithetho bese edinga ukukhokhelwa ukusetshenziswa kwesithombe.

Okokuqala, kubalulekile ukugcina amanothi wokuthi usithathe kuphi isithombe ekuqaleni nokuthi isitatimende sasithini ngamalungelo.

Okwesibili, uma i-fotografi icela yona, masuse isithombe ngokushesha. Mbuyisela emuva nge-imeyili uphinde uchaze ukuthi ulayishe isithombe ku-X usuku futhi kunikezwe njengoba kushiwo, kodwa ususe isithombe.

Hlonipha. Kungenzeka ukuthi othile uthathe isithombe sakhe kuqala noma ukuthi umane nje ukhohlwe ukuthi uyinikele ngomsebenzi. Umthwebuli oyedwa ongathatha izithombe angathatha izinkulungwane zezithombe ngonyaka futhi kunzima ukuhambisana nabo bonke.

Uma ulandela le mithetho elula, kufanele uthole izithombe eziningi eziphezulu zebhulogi yakho futhi ungahambi ezinkingeni. Zithokozise ukuthola lezo zithombe ezikhuluma ngamazwi we-1000 futhi uthuthukise izihloko zakho.

Jeffrey Wilson Administrator
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    Ungayisebenzisa Le Sithombe? Ukuqonda Ukusetshenziswa Okuhle kanye Neziphi Izithombe Kungakwazi Ukusetshenziswa Ngokusemthethweni Kubhulogi Lakho

    Ngokusho kokukhangisa kwe-MDG, i-37% yabasebenzisi be-Facebook bazibandakanya ngokugcwele nokuthunyelwe okunesithombe esifakiwe; kanye ne-67% yamakhasimende athi ikhwalithi jaithom somkhiqizo iyabasiza ukuthi banqume ukuthi bawuthenge noma cha. Enye yezizathu zokuthi amasayithi anjengePrentes aanvaar kakhulu ukuthi abantu bathola izithombe zihlanganyela. Cishe week wezwa kuthiwa isithombe “singamagama we-1000”. Lokhu kuyiqiniso ngoba abantu baqhutywa ngumbono.


    Ukubaluleka kwesithombeUkubaluleka kwesithombe – i-67% yamakhasimende athi ikhwalithi yesithombe somkhiqizo iyabasiza ukuthi banqume ukuthi bawuthenge noma cha. Ek-infografiese egcwele lapha.

    Kungani Kufanele Ufake Izithombe KuBhulogi Lakho

    Ngokusho kukaMashi kaMarkark, ucwaningo lwe2014 ngezinhlobo zokuqukethwe okuthunyelwe ku-Facebook, izithombe zenza cishe i-75% yokuqukethwe okuthunyelwe futhi kwabelwane ngakho ekhasini le-Facebook. Lezo zithombe ezifanayo zinamanani wokuxhumana we-87% kusuka kubasebenzisi be-Facebook.

    Ngenkathi izivakashi zakho zesayithi ngokuqinisekile zingalindele ukubona izithombe kuphela lapho zivakashela ibhulogi yakho, impumelelo yezithombe ezisekwe ezithombeni ku-Facebook, Twitter nakuPinteresses ikbeakuthela.

    U het enige outeursreg op Nokia-kopiereg

    Abaningi odala in etiel, kopiereg en kopiereg. Ngokuqinisekile, ungakwazi ukubhalisa in ne-US Copyright Office ukuze uthole ukuvikeleka okwengeziwe futhi nekhono lokuthola noma iyiphi inzuzo elahlekile, kodwa uma uyidala, in ingeyakho.

    Lokhu kuhlanganisa kepha akukhawulelwe ku:

    • Umsebenzi obhaliwe
    • Ama ifotho
    • Umsebenzi wobuciko
    • Ama-film
    • Umculo

    Lapho Abanye Abanikazi Bewebhusayithi Beba Ngenkinga

    Abanye abantu akusho ukwephula amalungelo obunikazi. Abakuqondi nje ukuthi isebenza kanjani, kufaneleke kahle, bathole imvume nokuthi yini engasetshenziswa futhi engenakusetshenziswa. Kukhona nezindawo eziningi ezimpunga ngaphansi kwemithetho.

    Lapho abanye abanikazi bewebhusayithi bethola ubunzima ngezithombe ukuthi bamane basesha ukusesha okuthi “izithombe zezinja ezinhle” bese bekopisha isithombe sokuqala abasibonayo ukuthi bayasithanda. Kodwa-ke, isithombe kungaba yinye umthwebuli wezithombe angafisi ukusaba kwamanye amawebhusayithi. Ek-kopiereg yakhe isanda kwephulwa.

    i-morguefileUkutholaphi izithombe okulungile ukusebenzisa

    Ngenhlanhla, kukhona abathwebuli bezithombe abafuna ukukunikeza izithombe ongazisebenzisa kusayithi lakho (ekubheka ukuthi uyazikweleta ngokufanele). Kunezingosi ezimbalwa lapho ungathola khona lezi zithombe ezingasetshenziswa uma nje uzikweleta. Lezi zindawo zifaka:

    • I-MorgueFile
    • CompFight
    • I-PhotoPin
    • Izithombe Zesidlangalaleni Zomphakathi (njengeziningi ezinqolobaneni zoHulumeni zase-US, kodwa njalo zihlole kabili ukuthi ungayisebenzisa)
    • Ama-skrini weskrini sakho sesiphequluli

    Kukhona nabathwebuli bezithombe ababelana ngezithombe zabo kumasayithi wesitoko. Lezi yizithombe lapho ungathenga khona ilungelo lokusebenzisa isithombe ngenhloso ebekiwe nendawo.

    Isibonelo, ungathenga amalungelo wokusebenzisa isithombe kuwebhusayithi yakho kuphela. Uma ufuna ukushicilela incwadi bese usebenzisa isithombe esifanayo, kuzodingeka ukuthi ubuye emuva uyothenga amanye amalungelo.

    Izithombe ze-Stock zivame ukuba yizinga eliphezulu kakhulu. Nazi ezinye izayithi ezinikeza izithombe zesitokwe ezithengiswayo:

    • iStockPhoto
    • Dreamstime
    • I-123 RF

    Ngemibono engaphezulu, hlola isihloko sikaJerry Low I-20 + Imithombo Yemifanekiso Yamahhala Yobhulogi Bakho.

    Xhumana nomthwebuli wezithombe zangempela

    Uma ungakwazi ukuthola isithombe osifunayo kunoma isiphi isiza esingenhla, ngoba sicacisiwe ngokwedlulele, kufanele uthinte umnikazi wesithombe bese uthola imvume yokusebenzisa isithombe esizeni sakho. Abanye abathwebuli bezithombe bazokuvumela ukuthi ulisebenzise ngesixhumanisi sokubuyela emuva nekhredithi kubo. Abanye bazothi cha.

    Uma umthwebuli wezithombe uthi ungasebenzisa isithombe, gcina i-imeyili endaweni efephile uma kwenzeka kukhona umbuzo mayelana nokuthi uvumelekile ukuyisebenzisa.

    Kuyini Ukusebenzisa Okuhle?

    Ukusetshenziswa okulungile kuwela ngaphansi kwe-Copyright Act (Isihloko 17 sek. Yase-United States) en die kunsimo sokuhlolwa kwe-litmus ngezici ezine zokunquma ukuthi kulungile yini ukusebenzisa ingxenye yomsebenzi we-copyright. Ngokuyinhloko, uma umsebenzi ujwayele futhi umuntu uyisebenzisa esimweni esingokomlando, bese usebenzisa ingxenye yayo kungase kube efanele. Kodwa-ke, kuyinkimbinkimbi futhi ungase upthe iphutha ngokuthi ngabe ukusetshenziswa kulungile yini noma cha futhi kuphephile enkingeni yomthetho.

    Ngokusho kweHhovisi le-Copyright, lezi zici ezine ziyi:

    1. Inhloso kanye nomlingiswa wokusetshenziswa, kufaka phakathi ukuthi ukusetshenziswa okunjalo kungokwemvelo noma kungenxa yezinhloso zemfundo ezingenzi nzuzo
    2. yena uhlobo lomsebenzi ons-outeursreg
    3. ukulinganisa nokulingana kwesigaba esetshenziselwa ngokuphathelene nomsebenzi we-copyright njengamanye
    4. umphumela wokusetshenziswa ontken die okungenzeka, nou ukubaluleka komsebenzi we-copyright

    Ukusetshenziswa okulungile kufinyelela ekudlalweni okuningi ngombhalo obhaliwe. Isibonelo, uma ufuna ukucaphuna kulesi sihloko, ongase ufake i-quote emfushane bese uyikweleta. Nasi isibonelo:

    Esihlokweni se-WHSR esithi "Ungayisebenzisa Le Sithombe? Ukuqonda Ukusebenzisa Okuhle nokuthi Yiziphi Izithombe Angeke Zisetshenziswe Ngokusemthethweni Kubhulogi Lakho "nguLori Soard, uyeluleka," Uma lo fotograaf ethi ungasebenzisa isithombe, gcina i-imeyili endaweni ephephile uma kwenzeka kube khona umbuzo mayelana nokuthi ngabe uvunyelwe ukuyisebenzisa. "

    Lokho kucaphuna esifushane, kufakwe kumthombo wokuqala futhi kuthuthukisa i-athikili yakho. Ngokunokwenzeka, akekho noyedwa ozokhononda ngalelo bhokisi elincane lendatshana elikhudlwana elisetshenziswa inqobo nje uma kufakwa kulo lolu hlobo noma ngendlela efanayo.

    Lapho kunombuzo mayelana ne-copyright nokuthi ingabe ukusetshenziswa kuyinzuzo verbeter yomqambi wokuqala noma umphakathi, isilinganiso sibukeka silinganisa okuthe xaxa entshisakalweni yomphakathi.

    Uma kukhulunywa ngezithombe, kungcono kakhulu ukunamathela ngezithombe zasebukhosini zamahhala nezesizinda somphakathi. Awukwazi ukusebenzisa ingxenye encane jaithombe futhi kunzima ukwazi ukuthi yikuphi ukusetshenziswa okuhle nokungenakwenza. Akufanele ngempela ukufaka engcupheni impi ende yezomthetho, edonswa lapho kunezithombe eziningi kakhulu ezingasetshenziswa ngaphandle kokukhathazeka.

    Ngokusho kochwepheshe bezithombe abaqeqeshiwe baseMelika, i-copyright iyilungelo lomhlaba. Ukwengeza, isayithi ithi, "Izithombe zokuphula umthetho-outeursreg kopiereg kwemvume-zingabangela izinhlawulo zomphakathi nezomthetho."

    Imithetho Ingashintsha

    Ungenza konke okulungile futhi usebenzise amasayithi kuphela abhalisa Creative Commons izithombe, izimfanelo njengezicelo zobunikazi be-copyright futhi usathola inothi kusuka kumthwebuli wezithombe ngosuku olulandelayo usebenzisa isithomle sabo nabo.

    Okungenzeka ukuthi umthwebuli wezithombe angaqale anikeze isithombe ngesibalo esilula kepha kamuva aguqule imithetho bese edinga ukukhokhelwa ukusetshenziswa kwesithombe.

    Okokuqala, kubalulekile ukugcina amanothi wokuthi usithathe kuphi isithombe ekuqaleni nokuthi isitatimende sasithini ngamalungelo.

    Okwesibili, uma i-fotograaf icela yona, mishandel isithombe ngokushesha. Mbuyisela emuva nge-imeyili uphinde uchaze ukuthi ulayishe isithombe ku-X usuku futhi kunikezwe njengoba kushiwo, code ususe isithombe.

    Hlonipha. Kungenzeka ukuthi othile dit isithombe sakhe kuqala noma ukuthi umane nje ukhohlwe ukuthi uyinikele ngomsebenzi. Umthwebuli oyedwa ongathatha izithombe angathatha izinkulungwane zezithombe ngonyaka futhi kunzima ukuhambisana nabo bonke.

    Uma ulandela le mithetho elula, kufanele uthole izithombe eziningi eziphezulu zebhulogi yakho futhi ungahambi ezinkingeni. Zithokozise ukuthola lezo zithombe ezikhuluma ngamazwi we-1000 en die uiterste faktore in die land.

    Jeffrey Wilson Administrator
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